日本旅遊生活【不可不知的10件小常識】

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你知道在日本有哪些生活常識嗎?小編整理出十點不可不知的小常識,幫助大家到了日本能更清楚他們的生活文化哦!

1. 垃圾分類

       不少人都聽說日本的垃圾分類很複雜,的確是這麼一回事。日本人對於「垃圾」這件事格外謹慎,一般日本家庭

要丟垃圾時,需要先查清楚今天可以丟的種類是哪一種,依照星期幾的不同,能丟棄的垃圾種類也不同,大型垃圾也

必須自行請專人處理,甚至會依行政區不同,垃圾分類的定義與種類也會也所不同。

2. 冷食居多,想吃熱食請到餐廳或超商微波

(圖片來源: Mark Mrwizard@flickr)

       大多的日式便當皆以冷食方式呈現,習慣吃熱騰騰飯菜的台灣人自然吃得不習慣。因為在日本,便當都是當日早

晨現做,並用冷掉也不會走味的菜色來設計,因此日本人自然沒吃熱便當的習慣,餐廳絕大多數在晚上8點就打烊了。

如果習慣早餐吃個熱熱的食物或是深夜想暖暖肚子解饞,那就只好到711或全家買微波食品囉!( 雖然日本超商也是美

食滿滿,但長期在日本居住的台灣人,還是會想念台灣有蛋餅、包子、豆漿的早餐呢~(T_T) )

3. 不可在電車上講電話

(圖片來源:jp.fotolia.com/)

       在很多人搭乘的電車裡面,避免讓周圍的人產生不悅感也是一種禮貌。最好不要在車上講電話,為了防止發出電

話鈴聲和手機操作聲,記得要將手機轉為靜音模式。雖然有無可避免必須接聽的電話,講話的時間和音量也不宜過長

或過大聲,玩電動遊戲機打發時間,也最好先調整為靜音或是戴上耳機等防止發出聲音。

4. 避開日本放假時間去玩

(圖片來源:https://news.smzdm.com/p/30817/)

       元旦、黃金週、盂蘭盆節是日本的三大連續假期。元旦與盂蘭盆節是日本的傳統節日,與家人團聚和掃墓。而黃金

週並非傳統節日,假期在春暖花開時節,因此成為了日本人的最佳出遊時機!大部分日本人都會計畫個人或家庭出遊,

造成鐵路航空一票難求,公路大塞車,著名遊樂景點到處都是人,各飯店、出國機票大漲價,而且大部分都是被預約滿

的狀態。建議大家,如果要到日本旅行,千萬要避開這段期間,免得和日本人人擠人,再加上這段期間若訂到比平常貴

很多倍的飯店,真的非常划不來呀!

5. 高科技免治馬桶

(圖片來源: https://www.trplus.com.tw/p/016137882)

       日本人已經將免治馬桶視為日常生活的一部份,不管是在機場、餐廳、百性家庭的廁所裡,都有免治馬桶的存在。

免治馬桶俗稱為「馬桶界的蘋果」,這個高功能的馬桶有潔淨功能、加熱坐椅、烘乾功能、自動開蓋功能、音姬功能。

有些馬桶則是結合洗手檯與馬桶的設計,沖了馬桶後水槽內的水會自動被裝滿,洗手台的水並從水龍頭自動流出。省錢

又省水呢!(小編初到日本的時候,對這個有許多按鍵功能的馬桶一頭霧水,深怕按錯按鈕會不會水就衝到臉上了呢ಠ_ಠ )

6. 公共澡堂

(圖片來源: 東京銭湯トップ)

   “澡堂”是日本老城區的風俗歷史所不可或缺的,有些澡堂還被指定為有形文化遺產,成為日本文化的代名詞。

若想體驗澡堂文化必須知道幾點:進澡堂要脫鞋、儲物櫃裡不能硬塞行李、不穿著衣服進浴場、必須沖澡才能進

浴池、不在浴場洗衣服、不要把毛巾浸在浴池裡、不在浴場裡奔跑、回更衣室之前請擦乾身體、在更衣室不要使

用手機和電腦。

7. 靠左還是靠右 

( 圖片來源:https://matcha-jp.com/tw/2414)

      日本人走路居多,多半會靠左走 搭電扶梯也是靠左站立,但還是會因地而異。如果有機會在日本開車的話,

不只要記得去換駕照,開車也務必要注意是靠左行駛哦!

8. 昂貴的計程車

(圖片來源: 樂吃購!日本

       在日本搭計程車價格不斐,因此計程車也比較不會是多數人到日本旅行時的交通選擇;但如果碰到像行李

太多、時間緊湊、喝完酒或身體不適的狀況,還是不得不搭乘計程車。而在日本搭計程車和台灣不一樣的就是

招車地點,不是每個路口轉角都能上車,如果語言不通不能透過電話叫車,建議直接走到附近的飯店或車站,

一定會有計程車排班,當然怕語言不通被拒載的機率也減少許多。

9. すみません「抱歉, 不好意思。」

(圖片來源: https://pse.is/AAF95) 

       不小心撞到人、或要請別人借過 、都可以用這一句簡單帶過,用法就有點像"不好意思"、"EXCUSE ME"這

樣,是很有禮貌的說法。問路、餐廳點餐,也都可以用 " すみません " 先跟人打個招呼,再來慢慢表達想問的問

題哦!(沿伸教學 " すみません " 用法:https://pse.is/AD5HH

10.試穿衣服要脫鞋

        像在日本的家裡一樣,大部分的服裝店都會要求客人進入試衣間之前先脫鞋。通常脫鞋區會鋪上一個平台或

地毯。並將鞋子至於地毯外或平台下方。像H&M 或Forever 21這樣的國際品牌服飾店並不會要求脫鞋,但大部

分的日本品牌店家以及二手衣飾店都會要求。

 

 

 

       

       

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